The Philippines was discovered in 1521 by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan and colonized by Spain from 1565 to 1898. Following the Spanish – American War, it became a territory of the United States. The Philippines takes its name from Philip II, who was king of Spain during the Spanish colonization of the islands in the 16th century. Because it was under Spanish rule for 333 years and under U.S. tutelage for a further 48 years, the Philippines has many cultural affinities with the West. About 30,000 years ago the earliest inhabitants had arrived from the Asian mainland, perhaps over land bridges built during the ice ages. By the tenth century, A.D. coastal villagers welcomed Chinese commerce and settlers, followed by Muslim traders from Borneo. Forty-four years after Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Philippines and died in the Battle of Mactan in 1521, the Spanish explored and colonized the islands, starting with the founding of Cebu by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi in 1565. Manila was made the capital of the Philippines in 1571. This was the time of the reign of King Philip II of Spain, whose name has remained attached to the country. The Spanish colonial period ended with the Philippine Revolution and Spanish-American War in 1898, which marked the beginning of the American colonization of the Philippines.
the most important Philippine history The EDSA 2 revolution, as it is commonly called, became the symbol of the Filipino people’s journey from colonial rule to independence and democracy (Liu & Gastardo-Conaco, 2011), and is considered the most prominent national event in recent history (Montiel, 2010).
5 interesting facts about the Philippines’ history?
- There are 7,641 islands.
- There are 12 National Symbols.
- The National Flag of the Philippines has great symbolic meaning.
- The Philippines was a Spanish colony for over 300 years.
- America ruled the Philippines for 44 years.
- San Miguel is brewed in the Philippines.
The Philippines is the only country in Southeast Asia that was subjected to Western colonization before it had the opportunity to develop either a centralized government ruling over a large territory or a dominant culture.